Patrick Coad family papers


Collection MC 37

( Bulk, 1798-1888 ) 1798-1888
(1.5 Linear feet ; 2 boxes)

Summary Information

Repository
Philadelphia Archdiocesan Historical Research Center
Creator
Coad, Joseph R., 1829-1868
Creator
Coad, Patrick, 1783-1872
Title
Patrick Coad family papers
ID
MC 37
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1798-1888
Date [inclusive]
1798-1888
Extent
1.5 Linear feet ; 2 boxes
Author
Finding aid prepared by Faith Charlton
Language
English
Abstract
Patrick Coad (1783-1872), an Irish immigrant who settled in Philadelphia, was the first patentee of a graduated galvanic battery with insulated poles. Touting his battery among other uses as an instrument that helped cure various diseases, Coad’s invention attracted a good deal of attention within the scientific and medical communities. A teacher whose interests focused on medicine and the sciences, Coad also travelled throughout Pennsylvania and the surrounding area as a lecturer on the natural sciences. The collection includes Coad’s correspondence, his lecture and medical notes, and ephemera, such as newspaper clippings, pamphlets and broadsides, publicizing his galvanic battery and lectures. Several of Coad’s family members are also documented through correspondence, ephemera, and estate items, including his son Joseph R. Coad (1829-1868), a prominent Philadelphia physician. A family scrapbook with miscellaneous materials is also included.

Preferred Citation note

Cite as: [Indicate cited item or series here], Coad, Patrick family. Papers, 1798-1888 (MC 37), Philadelphia Archdiocesan Historical Research Center.

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Biographical/Historical Information

On April 29, 1820, Patrick Coad (1783-1872) married Anna Maria O’Conway (1799-1882), the youngest daughter of Matthias O’Conway (1766-1842), a prominent Philadelphia linguist and lexicographer who was especially well-known within the Catholic community. Patrick and Anna Coad had several children, including Cecilia Coad (b. 1826), Joseph R. Coad (1829-1868), Anna Coad (b. 1831), Elizabeth Coad (b. 1832), Eleanor Coad (b. 1834), John B. Coad, and Theophilus Mathias Coad (1843-1847)

The family was active within the medical, scientific, and Catholic communities of the city. Other than the Southwark section of Philadelphia, the Coad family, long time parishioners of Old St. Joseph and Old St. Mary, also lived for a time in western Pennsylvania (Myerstown). Patrick owned land in several states, including Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Kentucky.

Patrick Coad was a noted teacher and lecturer of medicine and the natural sciences, but gained wider notoriety after he patented his graduated galvanic battery in March 1842. The patent Coad received was for the “improvement in the mode of constructing the galvanic battery so as to vary the intensity of its effect, and in the construction of insulated conductors applied to the same for adapting it to medical purposes.” The instrument garnered a good deal of attention within the medical community, which at the time was very interested in the use of electricity and magnetism for medical treatment.

Patrick’s son Joseph R. Coad became a well-known doctor within the city, serving as president of the Board of Health in 1858. Joseph was also involved with various civic and Catholic institutions in the city, including the Catholic Philopatrian Institute, the Native American Institute, and the Franklin Fire Company. Joseph married Elizabeth (Lydia) B. Hall, a non-Catholic who later converted. They had four children before Joseph’s early death at the age of thirty-nine: Joseph Aloysius Coad (b. 1861), Mary Isabel Coad (1863-1955), Wilfred Coad (b. 1865), and Theophilus John B. Coad (b. 1867).

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Scope and Content

The majority of materials relating to Patrick Coad, including incoming letters, his lecture notes, legal papers, and ephemera, concern his galvanic battery with patent insulated poles and also document his career as a lecturer of the sciences. Many of the items are testimonials, authored by numerous prominent medical professors, physicians, and government officials, such as Thomas D. Mutter, J. K. Mitchell, and Governor John Fairfield of Maine. Most of these, which Coad publicized through pamphlets, exist as copies in Coad’s hand.

Ephemeral materials include newspaper clippings, pamphlets and broadsides publicizing his invention, lectures, as well as the school that Coad opened for boys and girls. Other items include medical notes and remedies and school-related papers. One item among these materials is a small notebook entitled, “Minutes of Cholera Cases”, which documents some of Coad’s work with patients during the 1849 cholera epidemic.

Materials in the collection relating to Joseph R. Coad, a prominent Philadelphia physician who for a time served as president of the city’s Board of Health, include incoming and outgoing correspondence, cards of admission to medical lectures, and his obituary clippings from the Catholic Standard and Times. A few items relating to Joseph R. Coad are also contained in the family scrapbook discussed below. Correspondence, estate items, and ephemera relating to Anna Maria O’Conway Coad, John B. Coad, and Elizabeth Coad are also included.

One folder contains ephemera relating to the Coad family as well as miscellaneous correspondence. Included in this folder are letters and notes from Philadelphia clergymen Hugh Lane (1821-1902), the founding pastor of St. Teresa of Avila (1853), and Father Charles A. McFadden (1836-1910). Other papers and correspondence appear to be related to Anna Maria O’Conway Coad’s sister, Isabel Editha O’Conway McFadden (b. 1796), who was the wife of Patrick McFadden (d. 1826).

Also included is a folder with items relating to Matthias O’Conway. These appear to be receipts of payments for pew rentals at Old St. Mary Church as well as receipts relating to contributions made to the parish and its societies.

The collection also contains various miscellaneous items. One is a document listing the number of those in the city who died during the Yellow Fever epidemic in possibly August and September 1798. Another document includes a list of food items that were requested for those military personnel and civilians stationed at St. Paul’s Church during the first phase of the Nativist riots in May 1844.

Lastly, there is a scrapbook relating to the Coad family. The scrapbook itself is a ledger circa 1810 presumably used by a liquor dealer in Ireland whose clientele consisted mostly of doctors. Items contained therein are mostly miscellaneous engravings, including a lithograph of the ruins of St. Augustine after it was destroyed during the 1844 Nativist riots, paintings, drawings, and sketches, some of which appear to have been removed from published works. A few of these items are marked “O’Madden”. Also included is a photograph of Joseph R. Coad as well as a broadside from the Franklin Fire Company, of which he was a member, marking his death. There are also First Communion and Confirmation certificates from Old St. Mary and Old St. Joseph relating to Joseph R. Coad and his family.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Philadelphia Archdiocesan Historical Research Center ; January 2011

100 E. Wynnewood Rd.
Wynnewood, PA

Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Provenance

Accession number 1990.038

Processing Information

Scrapbook is in poor condition; needs proper conservation.

Existence and Location of Copies note

Digital reproductions of the Patrick Coad family papers are available at http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Catholica%20Collection/American%20Catholic%20Historical%20Society/Historic%20Papers/

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Related Materials

At the Philadelphia Archdiocesan Historical Research Center

Matthias O'Conway Papers (1999.030). Available on Microfilm

At other Institutions

Matthia O'Conway Papers (manuscripts) at the National Library of Ireland.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Broadsides
  • Clippings
  • Ephemera
  • Lecture Notes
  • Lithographs
  • Paintings
  • Pamphlets
  • Photographs
  • Research Notes
  • Scrapbook
  • Sketches

Geographic Name(s)

  • Philadelphia (Pa.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Coad, Anna Maria O'Conway, 1799-1882
  • Coad, Elizabeth B. Hall
  • Coad, Elizabeth, b. 1832
  • Coad, John B.
  • Lane, Hugh, 1821-1902
  • McFadden, Charles A., 1836-1910
  • O'Conway, Matthias J. (Matthias James), 1766-1842
  • O'Madden, Isabella Edith O'Conway, b. 1796

Subject(s)

  • Catholics--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia.
  • Clergy--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
  • Electric batteries--Patents.
  • Inventors and Inventions
  • Medicine--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--19th century.
  • Natural Sciences
  • Physicians

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Other Finding Aids note

This is a revised finding aid. An older finding aid is avilable in hard copy at PAHRC.

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Bibliography

Flick, Lawrence F. “Mathias James O’Conway: Philologist, Lexicographer and Interpreter of Languages, 1766-1842.” Records of the American Catholic Historical Society 10-11. (September 1899- June 1900).

Griffin, Martin I.J., ed. The American Catholic Historical Researches 21 (1904): 182.

Griffin, Martin I.J., ed. The American Catholic Historical Researches 10 (1904): 19.

Historic United States Patents. March 1842. http://www.historicpatents.net/patents-1842-march/ Accessed November 20, 2010.

Smith, Sarah Trainer. “Philadelphia’s First Nun.” Records of the American Catholic Historical Society 5, no. 4 (December 1894): 417-522.

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Collection Inventory

  Box Folder

Patrick Coad- Incoming correspondence, 1836-1858, undated

Patrick Coad- Lecture and research notes, medical remedies, and school-related materials, 1849, undated

Patrick Coad- Lecture and research notes, medical remedies, and school-related materials, undated

Patrick Coad- Testimonials regarding galvanic battery and scientific lectures, 1833-1859, undated

Patrick Coad- Legal papers, newspaper clippings, and publicity ephemera, 1842-1851, undated

Joseph R. Coad- Correspondence, ephemera, and obituary clippings, 1853-1855, undated

Anna Maria O'Conway Coad- Correspondence, estate items, and ephemera, 1854-1880

John B. Coad and Elizabeth Coad- Correspondence, 1841-1888

Coad family- Miscellaneous correspondence and ephemera, 1814-1874, undated

Matthias O'Conway- Receipts, 1800-1813

10 

Miscellaneous- Yellow fever deaths and item list for militia, 1798, 1844, undated

11 
  Box

Coad family scrapbook, circa 1850-1890